Everything About “Lead”

leadUnderstanding Lead?

Lead is usually a naturally occurring element present in small amounts in the earth’s crust. Although it provides some useful uses, it can be dangerous to people and animals causing of health side effects.

Where is Lead Found?

Lead are located in every aspect of our surroundings – the air, the soil, the water, and even in our homes. A lot of our exposure comes from human activities along with the usage of fossil fuels, including past usage of leaded gasoline, some kinds of industrial facilities, and past use of lead-based paint in houses. Lead and lead substances have been used in a wide variety of products seen in and all over our houses, including paint, ceramics, pipes and plumbing materials, solders, gasoline, batteries, ammunition, and cosmetics.

Lead may enter the environment from these past and current usages. Lead can also be imparted into the environment from business sources and contaminated places, such as former lead smelters. Whereas natural levels of lead in soil range between 50 and 400 ppm, mining, smelting, and refining activities have resulted in substantial increases in lead levels in the environment, especially near mining and smelting sites.

When lead is released to the air from industrial sources or automobiles, it may travel long distances before settling to the ground, where it typically sticks to soil particles. Lead may move from soil into ground water depending on the type of lead compound and the qualities of the soil.

Federal and state regulatory standards have helped to reduce the amount of lead in air, drinking water, soil, consumer products, food, and occupational settings.

Who is at Risk?

  • Children

Lead is particularly hazardous to children because their growing systems absorb a lot more lead than adults do and their brains and nervous systems are more delicate to the damaging effects of lead. Babies and young children can also be more highly exposed to lead because they often put their hands and other objects that can have lead from dust or soil on them into their mouths. Children may also be exposed to lead by eating and drinking food or water containing lead or from dishes or glasses that contain lead, inhaling lead dust from lead-based paint or lead-contaminated soil or from playing with toys with lead paint.

  • Adults, Including Pregnant Women

Adults may be exposed to lead by eating and drinking food or water containing lead or from dishes or glasses that contain lead. They may also breath lead dust by spending time in places where lead-based paint is deteriorating, and during renovation or repair work that disturbs painted surfaces in older houses and buildings. Working in a job or engaging in hobbies where lead is used, such as making stained glass, can increase exposure as can certain folk remedies containing lead. A pregnant woman’s exposure to lead from these sources is of specific concern because it can result in exposure to her developing baby.

What are the Health Effects of Lead?

Lead could affect almost every body organ and system in your body. Children six years old and younger are most vulnerable to the effects of lead.

Children

Even low levels of lead in the blood of children can result in:

  • Behavior and learning problems
  • Lower IQ and Hyperactivity
  • Slowed growth
  • Loss Of Hearing
  • Anemia

In rare cases, ingestion of lead can cause seizures, coma and even death.

Pregnant Women

Lead can accumulate in our bodies over time, where it is stored in bones along with calcium. During pregnancy, lead is released from bones as maternal calcium and is used to help form the bones of the fetus. This is particularly true if a woman does not have enough dietary calcium. Lead can also cross the placental barrier exposing the fetus the lead. This can result in serious effects to the mother and her developing fetus, including:

Decreased development of the fetus

  • Premature birt
  • Lower Your Chances of Exposure to Lead

Simple steps like keeping your home clean and well-maintained will go a long way in preventing lead exposure. You can lower the chances of exposure to lead in your home, both now and in the future, by taking these steps:

  • Inspect and maintain all painted surfaces to prevent paint deterioration
  • Deal with water damage quickly and completely
  • Maintain your house clean and dust-free
  • Clean around painted areas where friction can generate dust, such as doors, windows, and drawers. Wipe these areas with a wet sponge or rag to remove paint chips or dust
  • Use only cold water to prepare food and drinks
  • Flush water outlets used for drinking or food preparation
  • Clean debris out of outlet screens or faucet aerators on a regular basis
  • Wash children’s hands, bottles, pacifiers and toys often
  • Teach children to wipe and remove their shoes and wash hands after playing outdoors
  • Ensure that your family members eat well-balanced meals. Children with healthy diets absorb less lead.

What do I perform if I think my child or I have been exposed to lead?

Talk to your physician, general physician, or local health agency about what you can do. Your doctor can do a simple blood test to check you or your child for lead exposure. You may also want to test your home for sources of lead.

House Painting and Lead

Before you do anything else, stop hyperventilating and test your home for lead… NOW!

If your home was built before 1978, you should assume there is lead paint both inside and outside unless you know otherwise. Testing for lead is a must! There is no reason to stick your head in the sand… or elsewhere! Always rememHouse Paintingber that having solidly attached lead paint in your home is not a reason for alarm. Ignorance is more of a reason for concern. You can minimize or even completely eliminate the risk of lead in your home through proper maintenance and repair activities.

Lead testing is simple. Virtually all hardware stores and home stores carry lead testing swabs. By touching these swabs to the suspicious surface while facing West and chanting “There’s no place like home… there’s no place like home” you will know in a matter of minutes if there is lead present. The drawback is that these products cannot see through new paint to old paint. Testing in chipped areas (or carefully removing a small amount of old paint) is essential to get a true reading of your lead situation.

For more info about house painting watch this video:

Dangers of Lead Paint

Why Dangers of Lead Paints Should Be 1 of the 7 Deadly Sins

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Lead paint is hazardous. It can cause nervous system damage, stunted growth, kidney damage, and delayed development. Often It is dangerous to children because it tastes sweet, therefore encouraging children to put lead chips and toys with lead dust in their mouths. Lead paint inspection Baltimore is necessary to ensure your family’s safety. Decreases in sperm production in men have been noted. Lead is considered a possible and likely carcinogen. High levels may result in death.